PRIMARY REFERENCES

Grell GA, SE Peckham, R Schmitz, and SA McKeen, G Frost, WC Skamarock, and B Eder. 2005. Fully coupled 'online' chemistry in the WRF model. Atmos. Environ., 39:6957-6976.

 

Fast JD, WI Gustafson Jr., RC Easter, RA Zaveri, JC Barnard, EG Chapman, and GA Grell. 2006. Evolution of ozone, particulates, and aerosol direct forcing in an urban area using a new fully-coupled meteorology, chemistry, and aerosol model. J. Geophys. Res., 111:D21305, doi:10.1029/2005JD006721.

 

Peckham, S., G. A. Grell, S. A. McKeen, M. Barth, G. Pfister, C. Wiedinmyer, J. D. Fast, W. I. Gustafson, R. Zaveri, R. C. Easter, J. Barnard, E. Chapman, M. Hewson, R. Schmitz, M. Salzmann, S. Freitas, 2011: WRF-Chem Version 3.3 User's Guide. NOAA Technical Memo., 98 pp.

 

PRIMARY REFERENCES FOR KEY MODULES AS IMPLEMENTED INTO WRF-Chem

 

dust_opt = 1 (GOCART dust emissions):

 

Ginoux, P., M. Chin, I. Tegen, J. M. Prospero, B. Holben, O. Dubovik, and S.-J. Lin , 2001: Sources and distributions of dust aerosols simulated with the GOCART model. J. Geophys. Res., 106(D17), 20255-20273.

 

dust_opt = 3 (GOCART with AFWA modifications):

 

Jones, S. L, Adams-Selin, R., Hunt, E. D., Creighton, G. A., Cetola, J. D., 2012: Update on modifications to WRF-CHEM GOCART for fine-scale dust forecasting at AFWA. AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts.

 

Jones, S. L, Adams-Selin, R., Hunt, E. D., Creighton, G. A., Cetola, J. D., 2010: Adapting WRF-CHEM GOCART for Fine-Scale Dust Forecasting. AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, Vol. 1.

 

dust_opt = 4 (GOCART with UoC modifications):

 

Shao, Y, 2001: A model for mineral dust emission. J. Geophys. Res., 106,20,239-20,254.

 

Shao, Y, 2004: Simplification of a dust emission scheme and comparison with data J. Geophys. Res., 109, doi:10.1029/2003JD004372.

 

Shao, Y., M. Ishizuka, M. Mikami, J. Leys , 2011: Parameterization of size-resolved dust emission and validation with measurements. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 116, D08203, doi:10.1029/2010JD014527.

 

Description of aerosol optical property module:

Barnard, J., J. Fast, G. Paredes-Miranda, W. Arnott, and A. Laskin, 2010: Technical Note: Evaluation of the WRF-Chem "Aerosol Chemical to Aerosol Optical Properties" Module using data from the MILAGRO campaign. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7325-7340.

 

Description of cloud-aerosol interactions and feedbacks as first implemented in WRF-Chem:

Chapman EG, WI Gustafson Jr, JC Barnard, SJ Ghan, MS Pekour, and JD Fast. 2009. Coupling aerosol-cloud-radiative processes in the WRF-Chem model: Investigating the radiative impact of large point sources. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9:945-964.

 

Gustafson WI Jr, EG Chapman, SJ Ghan, and JD Fast. 2007. Impact on modeled cloud characteristics due to simplified treatment of uniform cloud condensation nuclei during NEAQS 2004. Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L19809.

 

 

Description of volatility basis set coupled with MOSAIC:

 

Shrivastava, M., J.D. Fast, R.C. Easter, W.I. Gustafson Jr., R.A. Zaveri, A. Hodzic, and J. Jimenez, 2011: Modeling organic aerosols in a megacity: comparison of simple and complex representations of the volatility basis set approach. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 6639-6662., doi:10.5194/acp-11-6639-2011

 

Shrivastava, M., J.D. Fast, R.C. Easter, W.I. Gustafson Jr., R.A. Zaveri, A. Hodzic, and J. Jimenez, 2010: Simplifying a secondary organic aerosol formation mechanism for global models using the WRF-Chem regional model. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 10, 30205-30277.

 

 

Implementation of wildfire algorithm into WRF-Chem:

Grell, G.A., S.R. Freitas, M. Stuefer, and J.D. Fast, 2011: Inclusion of biomass burning in WRF-Chem: Impact on wildfires on weather forecasts. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5289-5303.

 

Secondary Organic Aerosol implementation in RACM

Ahmadov, R., S. A. McKeen, A. Robinson, R. Bahreini, A. Middlebrook, J. de Gouw, J. Meagher, E. Hsie, E. Edgerton, S. Shaw, M. Trainer, 2012. A volatility basis set model for summertime secondary organic aerosols over the eastern United States in 2006, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D06301, doi:10.1029/2011JD016831.

 

CBMZ mechanism development

Zaveri, R.A., and L.K. Peters, 1999: A new lumped structure photochemical mechanism for large-scale applications, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 30,387 - 30,415.

 

MOZART implementation and MOZBC boundary conditions

Pfister,G. G., D. D. Parrish, H. Worden, L. K. Emmons, D. P. Edwards, C. Wiedinmyer, G. S. Diskin, G. Huey, S. J. Oltmans, V. Thouret, A. Weinheimer, and A. Wisthaler: Characterizing summertime chemical boundary conditions for airmasses entering the US West Coast, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1769-1790, 2011

 

MOZART/MOZCART washout scheme:

Neu, J. L. and Prather, M. J.: Toward a more physical representation of precipitation scavenging in global chemistry models: cloud overlap and ice physics and their impact on tropospheric ozone, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 24413-24466, doi:10.5194/acpd-11-24413-2011, 2011.

 

Description of simplified SOA scheme used in MOZART/MOZCART:

Hodzic A. and Jimenez J.L., Modeling anthropogenically controlled secondary organic aerosols in a megacity: a simplified framework for global and climate models. Geosci. Model. Dev., 4, 901-917, doi:10.5194/gmd-4-901-2011, 2011.

 

Emissions preprocessor prep_chem_sources:

Freitas, S. R., Longo, K. M., Alonso, M. F., Pirre, M., Marecal, V., Grell, G., Stockler, R., Mello, R. F., S‡nchez G‡cita, M., 2011a. PREP-CHEM-SRC 1.0: a preprocessor of trace gas and aerosol emission fields for regional and global atmospheric chemistry models. Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 419-433.

Emissions preprocessor MEGAN

Guenther, A., T. Karl, P. Harley, C. Wiedinmyer, P. I. Palmer, C. Geron (2006) Estimates of global terrestrial isoprene emissions using MEGAN (Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature), Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 3181-3210.

Sakulyanontvittaya, T., T. Duhl, C. Wiedinmyer, D. Helmig, S. Matsunaga, M. Potosnak, J. Milford, A. Guenther (2008) Monoterpene and Sesquiterpene Emission Estimates for the United States. Environmental Science & Technology, 42 (5), 1623–1629

NCAR's Fire Inventory (FINN) emissions model:

Wiedinmyer, C., Akagi, S. K., Yokelson, R. J., Emmons, L. K., Al-Saadi, J. A., Orlando, J. J., and Soja, A. J.: The Fire INventory from NCAR (FINN): a high resolution global model to estimate the emissions from open burning, Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 625-641, doi:10.5194/gmd-4-625-2011, 2011.  

 

WRF-Chem diagnostics

Wong, J., D. C. Noone, M. C. Barth, W. C. Skamarock, G. Grell, J. Worden, Budget and structural properties of the upper tropospheric ozone enhancement of North America in August 2006, in preparation.

 

Lightning parameterization in WRF-Chem

Barth, M. C., Lee, J., Hodzic, A., Pfister, G., Skamarock, W. C., Worden, J., Wong, J., and Noone, D., 2012: Thunderstorms and upper troposphere chemistry during the early stages of the 2006 North American Monsoon, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 16407-16455, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-16407-2012.

 

Use of FINN in WRF-Chem

Pfister, G.G., J. Avise, C. Wiedinmyer, D. P. Edwards, L. K. Emmons, G. D. Diskin, J. Podolske, and A. Wisthaler (2011): CO source contribution analysis for California during ARCTAS-CARB, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 7515-7532, doi:10.5194/acp-11-7515-2011.

Including volcanic ash in WRF-Chem

Stuefer, M., Freitas, S. R., Grell, G., Webley, P., Peckham, S. E., McKeen, S. A., and Egan, S. D., 2013: Inclusion of ash and SO2 emissions from volcanic eruptions in WRF-Chem: development and some applications, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 457-468, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-457-2013.

SOA VBS module in WRF-Chem:

Ahmadov, R., S. A. McKeen, A. Robinson, R. Bahreini, A. Middlebrook, J. de Gouw, J. Meagher, E. Hsie, E. Edgerton, S. Shaw, M. Trainer, 2012. A volatility basis set model for summertime secondary organic aerosols over the eastern United States in 2006, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D06301, doi:10.1029/2011JD016831.

GHG module in WRF-Chem:

Beck, V., T. Koch, R. Kretschmer, J. Marshall, R. Ahmadov, C. Gerbig, D. Pillai, and M. Heimann, 2011: class=apple-style-span>The WRF Greenhouse Gas Model (WRF-GHG) Technical Report No. 25, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany, available online at http://www.bgc-jena.mpg.de/bgc-systems/index.shtml

Morrison microphysics used with aerosol-microphysics interactions:

Yang, Q., W.I. Gustafson Jr., J.D. Fast, H. Wang, R.C. Easter, H. Morrison Y.-N. Lee, E.G. Chapman, S.N. Spak, and M.A. Mena-Carrasco, 2011: Assessing regional scale predictions of aerosols, marine stratocumulus, and their interactions during VOCALS-REx using WRF-Chem. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 11951-11975.

Gas chemistry:

Zhang, L., T. Wang, , Q. Zhang, et al., 2016: Potential Sources of Nitrous Acid (HONO) and Their Impacts on Ozone: A WRF-Chem study in a Polluted Subtropical Region. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, doi:10.1002/2015JD024468.

Coupling RRTMG radiation to MOSAIC and MADE/SORGAM aerosol modules:

Zhao, C., X. Liu, L. Leung, and S. Hagos, 2011: Radiative impact of mineral dust on monsoon precipitation variability over West Africa. Atmos Chem. Phys., 11, 1879-1893.

 

BOOK CHAPTERS

 

Grell G., J.D. Fast, W.I. Gustafson, Jr, S.E. Peckham, S.A. McKeen, M. Salzmann, and S. Freitas, 2011: Chapter on "On-line Chemistry within WRF: Description and Evaluation of a State-of-the-Art Multiscale Air Quality and Weather Prediction Model" in Integrated Systems of Meso-Meteorological and Chemical Transport Models. Springer, A. Baklanov, A. Mahura, and R. Sokhi editors, ISBN: 978-3-642-13979-6, 186 p.

 

Grell, G.A., 2008: Coupled Weather Chemistry Modeling. Large-Scale Disasters: Prediction, Control, Mitigation, Mohamed Gad-el-Hak, Cambridge University Press. Book Chapter.

          

 

 

 

REFEREED PUBLICATIONS USING WRF-CHEM OR DESCRIBING WRF-CHEM MODULES

 

Dust:

Osipov S., G. Stenchikov, H. Brindley, and J. Banks , 2015: Diurnal cycle of the dust instantaneous direct radiative forcing over the Arabian Peninsula. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 9537-9553, doi:10.5194/acp-15-9537-2015.

Jish Prakash P., G. Stenchikov, S. Kalenderski, S. Osipov, and H. Bangalath , 2015: The impact of dust storms on the Arabian Peninsula and the Red Sea. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 199-222, doi:10.5194/acp-15-199-2015.

Kalenderski S., G. Stenchikov, and C. Zhao , 2013: Modeling a typical winter-time dust event over the Arabian Peninsula and the Red Sea. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 1999-2014, doi:10.5194/acp-13-1999-2013.

Kang, J., S. Yoon, Y. Shao, and S. Kim, 2011: Comparison of vertical dust flux by implementing three dust emission schemes in WRF-Chem. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 116, -.

Ying, Z., X. Tie, S. Madronich, G. Li, and S. Massie, 2011: Simulation of regional dust and its effect on photochemistry in the Mexico City area during MILAGRO experiment. Atmospheric Environment, 45, 2549-2558.

 

Zhao, C., and Coauthors, 2010: The spatial distribution of mineral dust and its shortwave radiative forcing over North Africa: modeling sensitivities to dust emissions and aerosol size treatments. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 8821-8838.

 

Other:

 

Apel, E., and Coauthors, 2010: Chemical evolution of volatile organic compounds in the outflow of the Mexico City Metropolitan area. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 2353-2375.

 

Ahmadov, R., and Coauthors, 2015: Understanding high wintertime ozone pollution events in an oil and natural gas-producing region of the western US, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 411-429, doi:10.5194/acp-15-411-2015.

 

Baldasano, J., M. Pay, O. Jorba, S. Gasso, and P. Jimenez-Guerrero, 2011: An annual assessment of air quality with the CALIOPE modeling system over Spain. Science of the Total Environment, 409, 2163-2178.

 

Baró, R., Jimiénez-Guerrero, P., Balzarini, A., Curci, G., Forkel, R., Hirtl, M., Honzak, L., Im, U., Lorenz, C., Pérez, J.L., Pirovano, G., San José, R., Tuccella, P., Werhahn, J., Žabkar, R., 2015:Sensitivity analysis of the microphysics scheme in WRF-Chem contributions to AQMEII phase2.Atmos. Environ., 115, 620-629. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.01.047

 

Balzarini, A., Pirovano, G., Honzak, L., ¿abkar, R., Curci, G., Forkel, R., Hirtl, M., San Jose, R., Tuccella, P., Grell, G., 2015: WRF-Chem model sensitivity to chemical mechanisms choice in reconstructing aerosol optical properties. Atmos. Environ., 115, 604-619. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.12.033

 

Beck, V., C. Gerbig, T. Koch, M. M. Bela, K. M. Longo, S. R. Freitas, J. O. Kaplan, P. Bergamaschi, M. Heimann, 2012: WRF-Chem simulations in the Amazon region during wet and dry season transitions: evaluation of methane models and wetland inundation maps, In Press .

 

Bei, N., X. Tie, and L. T. Molina, 2011: Aerosol effects on the photochemistry in Mexico City during MCMA-2006/MILAGRO campaign. Atmos.Chem. Phys., 11, 5169-5169-5182.

 

Belusic, D., and I. Guttler, 2010: Can mesoscale models reproduce meandering motions? Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 136, 553-565.

 

Brunner, D., N. Savage, O. Jorba, B. Eder, L. Giordano, P. Makar, A. Badia, A. Balzarini, R. Baró, R. Bianconi, C. Chemel, G. Curci, R. Forkel, P. Jiménez-Guerrero, M. Hirtl, A. Hodzic, L. Honzak, U. Im, C. Knote, A. Manders-Groot, L. Neal, J. L. Pérez, G. Pirovano, R. San Jose, W. Schröder, R. S. Sokhi, D. Syrakov, A. Torian, J. Werhahn, R. Wolke, E. van Meijgaard, K. Yahya, R. Zabkar, Y. Zhang, C. Hogrefe, and S. Galmarini, 2014, Comparative analysis of meteorological performance of coupled chemistry-meteorology models in the context of AQMEII phase 2, Atmospheric Environment, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.12.032.

 

Cai, C., F. Geng, X. Tie, Q. Yu, and J. An, 2010a: Characteristics and source apportionment of VOCs measured in Shanghai, China. Atmospheric Environment, 44, 5005-5014.

 

Cai, C., F. Geng, X. Tie, Q. Yu, L. Peng, and G. Zhou, 2010b: Characteristics of Ambient Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) Measured in Shanghai, China. Sensors, 10, 7843-7862.

 

Cai, C.-J., X. Zhang, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, L.-T. Wang, Q. Zhang, F.-K. Duan, K.-B. He, and S.-C. Yu, 2016, Incorporation of New Particle Formation and Early Growth treatments into WRF-Chem: Model Improvement, Evaluation, and Impacts of Anthropogenic Aerosols over East Asia, Atmospheric Environment, 124, Part B, 262-284, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.05.046.

 

Campbell, P., Y. Zhang, K. Yahya, K. Wang, C. Hogrefe, G. Pouliot, C. Knote, A. Hodzic, R. San Jose and J. L. Perez, P. J. Guerrero, R. Baro, and P. Makar, 2014, A Multi-Model Assessment for the 2006 and 2010 Simulations under the Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative (AQMEII) Phase 2 over North America, Part I. Indicators of the Sensitivity of O3 and PM2.5 Formation Regimes, Atmospheric Environment, 115, 569¿586, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.12.026.

 

 

Cassol, M., S. Wortmann, and U. Rizza, 2009: Analytic modeling of two-dimensional transient atmospheric pollutant dispersion by double GITT and Laplace Transform techniques. Environmental Modelling & Software, 24, 144-151.

 

Chapman, E. G., W. I. Gustafson Jr, R. C. Easter, J. C. Barnard, S. J. Ghan, Pekour, and J. D. Fast, 2009: Coupling aerosol-cloud-radiative processes in the WRF-Chem model: Investigating the radiative impact of elevated point sources. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 945-945-964.

Charusombat, U., and Coauthors, 2010: Evaluating a New Deposition Velocity Module in the Noah Land-Surface Model. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 137, 271-290.

 

Chatani, S., and K. Sudo, 2011: Influence of the variation in inflow to East Asia on surface ozone over Japan during 1996-2005. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 8745-8758, doi:10.5194/acp-11-8745-2011.

 

Chen, D. S., S. Y. Cheng, L. Liu, T. Lei, X. R. Guo, and X. Y. Zhao, 2008: Assessment of the integrated ARPS-CMAQ modeling system through simulating PM10 concentration in Beijing, China. Environmental Engineering Science, 25, 191-205.

 

Chen, F., and Coauthors, 2011: The integrated WRF/urban modelling system: development, evaluation, and applications to urban environmental problems. International Journal of Climatology, 31, 273-288.

 

Chen, Y., Y. Zhang, J. Fan, L.R. Leung, Q. Zhang, and K.-B. He, 2015, Application of an Online-Coupled Regional Climate Model, WRF-CAM5, over East Asia for Examination of Ice Nucleation Schemes: Part I. Comprehensive Model Evaluation and Trend Analysis for 2006 and 2011, Climate, 3(3), 627-667; doi:10.3390/cli3030627.

 

Chen, Y., C. S. Zhao, Q. Zhang, Z. Z. Deng, M. Y. Huang, and X. C. Ma, 2009: Aircraft study of Mountain Chimney Effect of Beijing, China. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114.

 

Chi, K. H., C. Y. Lin, C. F. O. Yang, J. L. Wang, N. H. Lin, G. R. Sheu, and C. T. Lee, 2010: PCDD/F Measurement at a High-Altitude Station in Central Taiwan: Evaluation of Long-Range Transport of PCDD/Fs during the Southeast Asia Biomass Burning Event. Environmental Science & Technology, 44, 2954-2960.

 

Chuang, M.-T., Y. Zhang, and D.-W. Kang (2011), Application of WRF-Chem-MADRID for Real-Time Air Quality Forecasting over the Southeastern United States, Atmos. Environ., 45 (34), 6241-6250.

 

Clark, P. A., S. A. Harcourt, B. Macpherson, C. T. Mathison, S. Cusack, and M. Naylor, 2008: Prediction of visibility and aerosol within the operational Met Office Unified Model. I: Model formulation and variational assimilation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134, 1801-1816.

 

 

Darby, L., and Coauthors, 2007: Ozone differences between near-coastal and offshore sites in New England: Role of meteorology. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112, -.

 

De Gouw, J. A., A.M. Middlebrook, C. Warneke, R. Ahmadov, E. L. Atlas, R. Bahreini, D. R. Blake, C. A. Brock, J. Brioude, D. W. Fahey, F. C. Fehsenfeld,  J. S. Holloway, M. Le Henaff, R. A. Lueb, S. A. McKeen,  J. F. Meagher, D. M. Murphy, C. Paris, D. D. Parrish, A. E. Perring, I. B. Pollack, A. R. Ravishankara, A. L. Robinson, T. B. Ryerson, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, A. Srinivasan, and L. A. Watts, 2011: Organic aerosol formation downwind from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Science, Vol. 331, 6022, 1295-1299, doi:10.1126/science.1200320, 2011.

 

de Meij, A., and Coauthors, 2009: The impact of MM5 and WRF meteorology over complex terrain on CHIMERE model calculations. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 6611-6632.

 

Deguillaume, L., A. Tilgner, R. Schrodner, R. Wolke, N. Chaumerliac, and H. Herrmann, 2009: Towards an operational aqueous phase chemistry mechanism for regional chemistry-transport models: CAPRAM-RED and its application to the COSMO-MUSCAT model. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 64, 1-35.

 

Delle Monache, L., and Coauthors, 2008: A Kalman-filter bias correction method applied to deterministic, ensemble averaged and probabilistic forecasts of surface ozone. Tellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 60, 238-249.

 

Demuzere, M., K. De Ridder, and N. P. M. Van Lipzig, 2008: Modeling the energy balance in Marseille: Sensitivity to roughness length parameterizations and thermal admittance. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 113.

 

Djalalova, I., and Coauthors, 2010: Ensemble and bias-correction techniques for air quality model forecasts of surface O(3) and PM(2.5) during the TEXAQS-II experiment of 2006. Atmospheric Environment, 44, 455-467.

 

Doherty, R., and Coauthors, 2009: Current and future climate- and air pollution-mediated impacts on human health. Environmental Health, 8, -.

 

Easter R.C., S.J. Ghan, Y. Zhang, R.D. Saylor, E.G. Chapman, N.S. Laulainen, H. Abdul-Razzak, L.R. Leung, X. Bian, and R.A. Zaveri. 2004. MIRAGE: Model description and evaluation of aerosols and trace gases. J. Geophys. Res., 109, doi:10.1029/2004JD004571.


 

Eidhammer, T., M. C. Barth, M. D. Petters, C. Wiedinmyer, and A. J. Prenni,2014: Aerosol microphysical impact on summertime convective precipitation in the Rocky Mountain region, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 11,709-11,728, doi:10.1002/2014JD021883.

 

Emmons, L. K., Walters, S., Hess, P. G., Lamarque, J.-F., Pfister, G. G., Fillmore, D., Granier, C., Guenther, A., Kinnison, D., Laepple, T., Orlando, J., Tie, X., Tyndall, G., Wiedinmyer, C., Baughcum, S. L., and Kloster, S., Description and evaluation of the Model for Ozone and Related chemical Tracers, version 4 (MOZART-4), Geosci. Model Dev., 3, 43-67, 2010.

 

Fahey K.M. and S.N. Pandis. 2001. Optimizing model performance: variable size resolution in cloud chemistry modeling. Atmos. Environ., 35:4471-4478.


 

Fan, J. W., R. Y. Zhang, W. K. Tao, and K. I. Mohr, 2008: Effects of aerosol optical properties on deep convective clouds and radiative forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 113.

 

Fallmann, J., Forkel, R., Emeis, S., 2016: Secondary effects of urban heat island mitigation measures on air quality. Atmospheric Environment , 125, 199-211, doi: 10.1016/ j.atmosenv.2015.10.094, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.10.094

 

Forkel, R., Balzarini, A., Baró, R., Curci, G., Jiménez-Guerrero, P., Hirtl, M., Honzak, L., Im, U., Lorenz, C., Pérez, J.L., Pirovano, G., San José, R., Tuccella, P., Werhahn, J., Žabkar, R., 2015: Analysis of the WRF-Chem contributions to AQMEII phase2 with respect to aerosol radiative feedbacks on meteorology and pollutant distribution. Atmos. Environ., 115. 630-645. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.10.056

 

Forkel, R., J. Werhahn, A.B. Hansen, S. McKeen, S. Peckham, G. Grell, P. Suppan, 2012: Effect of aerosol-radiation feedback on regional air quality - A case study with WRF/Chem. Atmospheric Environment , doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.10.009

 

Fast, J., and Coauthors, 2009: Evaluating simulated primary anthropogenic and biomass burning organic aerosols during MILAGRO: implications for assessing treatments of secondary organic aerosols. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 6191-6215.

 

Fast, J. D., and Coauthors, 2011: THE AEROSOL MODELING TESTBED A Community Tool to Objectively Evaluate Aerosol Process Modules. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 343-360.

 

Fast, J. D., and Coauthors, 2007: A meteorological overview of the MILAGRO field campaigns. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 2233-2257.

 

Fast, J.D., W.I. Gustafson Jr., L.K. Berg, W.J. Shaw, M. Pekour, M. Shrivastava, J.C. Barnard, R.A. Ferrare, C.A. Hostetler, J.A. Hair, M. Erickson, B.T. Jobson, B. Flowers, M.K. Dubey, S. Springston, R.B. Pierce, L. Dolislager, J. Pederson, and R.A. Zaveri, 2012: Transport and mixing patterns during the Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES). Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1759-1783.

 

Flemming, J., A. Inness, H. Flentje, V. Huijnen, P. Moinat, M. G. Schultz, and O. Stein, 2009: Coupling global chemistry transport models to ECMWF's integrated forecast system. Geosci. Model Dev., 2, 253-265.

 

Freitas, S. R., and Coauthors, 2009: The Coupled Aerosol and Tracer Transport model to the Brazilian developments on the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (CATT-BRAMS) - Part 1: Model description and evaluation. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 2843-2861.

 

Frost, G. J., and Coauthors, 2006: Effects of changing power plant NO(x) emissions on ozone in the eastern United States: Proof of concept. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111.

 

Garland, A. Wiedensohler, N. Sugimoto, and T. Zhu, 2010: Spatial and temporal variations of aerosols around Beijing in summer 2006: 2. Local and column aerosol optical properties. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D22207, doi:10.1029/2010JD013895.

 

Geng, F., C. Zhao, X. Tang, G. Lu, and X. Tie, 2007: Analysis of ozone and VOCs measured in Shanghai: A case study. Atmospheric Environment, 41, 989-1001.

 

Ghan S.J., N.S. Laulainen, R.C. Easter, R. Wagener, S Nemesure, E.G. Chapman, Y. Zhang, and L.R. Leung. 2001. Evaluation of aerosol direct radiative forcing in MIRAGE. J. Geophys. Res., 106:5295-5316. 


 

Giordano, L., D. Brunner, J. Flemming, U. Im, C. Hogrefe, R. Bianconi, A. Badia, B. Alessandra, R. Baro, C. Chemel, G. Curci, R. Forkel, P. Jimenez-Guerrero, M. Hirtl, A. Hodzic, L. Honzak, O. Jorba, C. Knote, J. J. P. Kuenen, P. A. Makar, A. Manders-Groot, L. Neal, J. Luis Perez, G. Pirovano, G. Pouliot, R. San Jose, N. Savage, W. Schroder, R. S. Sokhi, D. Syrakov, A. Torian, P. Tuccella, J. Werhahn, R. Wolke, K. Yahya, R. ¿abkar, Y. Zhang, and S. Galmarini, 2015, Assessment of the MACC reanalysis and its influence as chemical boundary conditions for regional air quality modeling in AQMEII-2, Atmospheric Environment, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.02.034.

 

Glotfelty, T., Y. Zhang, P. Karamchandani, and D. G. Streets, 2016, Changes in Future Air Quality, Deposition, and Aerosol-Cloud Interactions under Future Climate and Emission Scenarios, Atmospheric Environment, 139, 176-191, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.05.008.

 

Glotfelty, T., Y. Zhang, P. Karamchandani, and D. G. Streets, 2014, Will the Role of Intercontinental Transport Change in a Changing Climate? Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 9379-9402, 2014.

 

Goncalves, M., P. Jimenez-Guerrero, and J. Baldasano, 2009: Contribution of atmospheric processes affecting the dynamics of air pollution in South-Western Europe during a typical summertime photochemical episode. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 849-864.

 

Grote, R., and U. Niinemets, 2008: Modeling volatile isoprenoid emissions - a story with split ends. Plant Biology, 10, 8-28.

 

Gulden, L. E., Z. L. Yang, and G. Y. Niu, 2008: Sensitivity of biogenic emissions simulated by a land-surface model to land-cover representations. Atmospheric Environment, 42, 4185-4197.

 

Gustafson, W., Y. Qian, and J. Fast, 2011: Downscaling aerosols and the impact of neglected subgrid processes on direct aerosol radiative forcing for a representative global climate model grid spacing. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 116, D13303, doi:10.1029/2010JD015480.

 

Gustafson, W., E. Chapman, S. Ghan, R. Easter, and J. Fast, 2007: Impact on modeled cloud characteristics due to simplified treatment of uniform cloud condensation nuclei during NEAQS 2004. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, -.

 

Gustafson, W. I., L. K. Berg, R. C. Easter, and S. J. Ghan, 2008: The Explicit-Cloud Parameterized-Pollutant hybrid approach for aerosol-cloud interactions in multiscale modeling framework models: tracer transport results. Environmental Research Letters, 3.

 

Han, S. Q., 2008: Numerical simulation of diurnal variation of major pollutants with WRF-Chem model in Tianjin. China Environmental Science, 28, 828-828.

Hoshika, Y., Y. Shimizu, and K. Omasa, 2011a: A comparison between stomatal ozone uptake and AOT40 of deciduous trees in Japan. Iforest-Biogeosciences and Forestry, 4, 128-135.

 

Hoshika, Y., T. Hajima, Y. Shimizu, M. Takigawa, and K. Omasa, 2011b: Estimation of stomatal ozone uptake of deciduous trees in East Asia. Annals of Forest Science, 68, 607-616.

 

Hu, X. M., J. D. Fuentes, and F. Q. Zhang, 2010: Downward transport and modification of tropospheric ozone through moist convection. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 65, 13-35.

 

Im, U., and Coauthors, 2011: The impact of temperature changes on summer time ozone and its precursors in the Eastern Mediterranean. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3847-3864.

 

Im, U., and Coauthors, 2014, Evaluation of operational online-coupled regional air quality models over Europe and North America in the context of AQMEII phase 2. Part I: Ozone, Atmospheric Environment, in press. Atmos. Environ.,

 

Im, U., and Coauthors, 2014, Evaluation of operational online-coupled regional air quality models over Europe and North America in the context of AQMEII phase 2. Part II: Particulate Matter, Atmospheric Environment, in press. Atmos. Environ.,

 

Jiang, F., T. Wang, T. Wang, M. Xie, and H. Zhao, 2008a: Numerical modeling of a continuous photochemical pollution episode in Hong Kong using WRF-chem. Atmospheric Environment, 42, 8717-8727.

 

Jiang, X., C. Wiedinmyer, F. Chen, Z. Yang, and J. Lo, 2008b: Predicted impacts of climate and land use change on surface ozone in the Houston, Texas, area. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 113, -.

 

Jiang, X. Y., Z. L. Yang, H. Liao, and C. Wiedinmyer, 2010: Sensitivity of biogenic secondary organic aerosols to future climate change at regional scales An online coupled simulation. Atmospheric Environment, 44, 4891-4907.

 

Jiang, X. Y., C. Wiedinmyer, F. Chen, Z. L. Yang, and J. C. F. Lo, 2008c: Predicted impacts of climate and land use change on surface ozone in the Houston, Texas, area. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 113.

 

Jorba, O., T. Loridan, P. Jimenez-Guerrero, C. Perez, and J. Baldasano, 2008: Linking the advanced research WRF meteorological model with the CHIMERE chemistry-transport model. Environmental Modelling & Software, 23, 1092-1094.

 

Juda-Rezler, K., 2010: NEW CHALLENGES IN AIR QUALITY AND CLIMATE MODELING. Archives of Environmental Protection, 36, 3-28.

 

Kajino, M., and Y. Kondo, 2011: EMTACS: Development and regional-scale simulation of a size, chemical, mixing type, and soot shape resolved atmospheric particle model. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 116.

 

 

Karamchandani, P., Y. Zhang, S.-Y. Chen, and R. Balmori-Bronson, 2012, Development and Testing of an Extended Chemical Mechanism for Global-Through-Urban Applications, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 3 (1), 1-24, doi: 10.5094/APR.2011.047.

 

Karamchandani, P., Y. Zhang, and S.-Y. Chen, 2012, Development and Initial Application of a Plume-in-Grid Treatment in WRF-Chem, Atmos. Environ., 63, 125-134, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.09.014.

 

Karl, T., E. Apel, A. Hodzic, D. D. Riemer, D. R. Blake, and C. Wiedinmyer, 2009: Emissions of volatile organic compounds inferred from airborne flux measurements over a megacity. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 271-285.

 

Kazil, J., H. Wang, G. Feingold, A. Clarke, J. Snider, and A. Bandy, 2011: Modeling chemical and aerosol processes in the transition from closed to open cells during VOCALS-REx. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 7491-7514.

 

Kelly, J. T., P. V. Bhave, C. G. Nolte, U. Shankar, and K. M. Foley, 2010: Simulating emission and chemical evolution of coarse sea-salt particles in the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model. Geosci. Model Dev., 3, 257-273.

 

Kim, S., and Coauthors, 2009: NO2 columns in the western United States observed from space and simulated by a regional chemistry model and their implications for NOx emissions. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114, -.

 

Kim, S. W., and Coauthors, 2006: Satellite-observed US power plant NO(x) emission reductions and their impact on air quality. Geophysical Research Letters, 33.

 

Knote, C., P. Tuccella, G. Curci, L. Emmons, J. J. Orlando, S. Madronich, R. Baro, P. Jimenez- Guerrero, D. Luecken, C. Hogrefe, R. Forkel, M. Hirtl, R. San Jose, L. Giordano, D. Brunner, K. Yahya, and Y. Zhang, 2014, Atmospheric Environment, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.11.066.

 

Kong, X., Forkel, R., Sokhi, R.S., Suppan, P., Baklanov, A., Gauss, M., Brunner, D., Baró, R., Balzarini, A., Chemel, C., Curci, G., Guerrero, P.J., Hirtl, M., Honzak, L., Im, U., Pérez, J.L., Pirovano, G., San Jose, R., Schlünzen, K.H., Tsegas, G., Tuccella, P., Werhahn, J., Žabkar, R., Galmarini, S., 2015: Analysis of meteorology-chemistry interactions during air pollution episodes using online coupled models within AQMEII phase2. Atmos. Environ., 115. 527-540. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.09.020

 

Kovacs, T., 2006: Comparing MODIS and AERONET aerosol optical depth at varying separation distances to assess ground-based validation strategies for spaceborne lidar. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111.

 

Kuik, F., Lauer, A., Churkina, G., Denier van der Gon, H. A. C., Fenner, D., Mar, K. A., and Butler, T. M.,2016: Air quality modelling in the Berlin–Brandenburg region using WRF-Chem v3.7.1: sensitivity to resolution of model grid and input data. Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 4339-4363, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-4339-2016

 

Kuik, F., Lauer, A., Beukes, J. P., Van Zyl, P. G., Josipovic, M., Vakkari, V., Laakso, L., and Feig, G. T.,2015: The anthropogenic contribution to atmospheric black carbon concentrations in southern Africa: a WRF-Chem modeling study. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 8809-8830, doi:10.5194/acp-15-8809-2015

 

Langmann, B., S. Varghese, E. Marmer, E. Vignati, J. Wilson, P. Stier, and C. O'Dowd, 2008: Aerosol distribution over Europe: a model evaluation study with detailed aerosol microphysics. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 1591-1607.

 

Lee, S., and Coauthors, 2011a: Modeling ozone plumes observed downwind of New York City over the North Atlantic Ocean during the ICARTT field campaign. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 7375-7397.

 

Lee, S. H. L. S. H., and Coauthors, 2011b: Evaluation of urban surface parameterizations in the WRF model using measurements during the Texas Air Quality Study 2006 field campaign. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 2127-2143.

 

Lei, W., M. Zavala, R. Volkamer, S. Dusanter, P. Stevens, and L. T. Molina, 2010: Impacts of HONO sources on the photochemistry in Mexico City during the MCMA-2006/MILAGO Campaign. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 6551-6551-6567.

Li, G., N. Bei, X. Tie, and L. Molina, 2011: Aerosol effects on the photochemistry in Mexico City during MCMA-2006/MILAGRO campaign. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5169-5182.

 

Li, G., and Coauthors, 2011: Simulations of organic aerosol concentrations in Mexico City using the WRF-CHEM model during the MCMA-2006/MILAGRO campaign. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3789-3809.

 

Li, G., W. Lei, M. Zavala, R. Volkamer, S. Dusanter, P. Stevens, and L. T. Molina, 2010: Impacts of HONO sources on the photochemistry in Mexico City during the MCMA-2006/MILAGO Campaign. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 6551-6567.

 

Li, Q., Zhang, L., Wang, T., Tham, Y. J., Ahmadov, R., Xue, L., Zhang, Q., and Zheng, J., 2016: Impacts of heterogeneous uptake of dinitrogen pentoxide and chlorine activation on ozone and reactive nitrogen partitioning: improvement and application of the WRF-Chem model in southern China Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14875-14890, doi:10.5194/acp-16-14875-2016.

 

Li, Y., J. An, M. Min, W. Zhang, F. Wang, and P. Xie, 2011: Impacts of HONO sources on the air quality in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei Province of China. Atmospheric Environment, 45, 4735-4744.

 

Lieber, M., and R. Wolke, 2008: Optimizing the coupling in parallel air quality model systems. Environmental Modelling & Software, 23, 235-243.

 

Lin, C. Y., H. M. Hsu, Y. H. Lee, C. H. Kuo, Y. F. Sheng, and D. A. Chu, 2009: A new transport mechanism of biomass burning from Indochina as identified by modeling studies. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 7901-7911.

 

Lin, M., T. Holloway, G. Carmichael, and A. Fiore, 2010: Quantifying pollution inflow and outflow over East Asia in spring with regional and global models. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4221-4239.

 

Linford, J., J. Michalakes, M. Vachharajani, and A. Sandu, 2011: Automatic Generation of Multicore Chemical Kernels. Ieee Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, 22, 119-131.

 

Linford, J. C., and A. Sandu, 2011: Scalable heterogeneous parallelism for atmospheric modeling and simulation. Journal of Supercomputing, 56, 300-327.

 

Liu, X.-Y., Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, and K.-B. He, 2016, Application of Online-Coupled WRF-Chem-MADRID in East Asia: Model Evaluation and Climatic Effects of Anthropogenic Aerosols, Atmospheric Environment, 124, Part B, 321-336, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.03.052.

 

Makar, P., W.-M. Gong, J. Milbrandt, C. Hogrefe, Y. Zhang, G. Curci, R. Zabkar, U. Im, A. Balzarini, R. Baro, R. Bianconi, P. Cheung, R. Forkel, S. Gravel, M. Hirtl, L. Honzak, A. Hou, P. Jimenez-Guerrero , M. Langer, M. D. Moran, B. Pabla, J.L. Perez, G. Pirovano, R. San Jose, P. Tuccella, J. Werhahn, J.-H. Zhang, and S. Galmarini, 2014, Feedbacks between Air Pollution and Weather, Part 1: Effects on Weather, Atmospheric Environment, 115, 442-469, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.12.003.

 

Makar, P., W.-M. Gong, C. Hogrefe, Y. Zhang, G. Curci, R. Zabkar, J. Milbrandt, U. Im, A. Balzarini, R. Baro, R. Bianconi, P. Cheung, R. Forkel, S. Gravel, M. Hirtl, L. Honzak, A. Hou, P. Jimenez-Guerrero, M. Langer, M. Moran, B. Pabla, J.L. Perez, G. Pirovano, R. San Jose, P. Tuccella, J. Werhahn, J.-H. Zhang, and S. Galmarini, 2014, Feedbacks between Air Pollution and Weather, Part 2: Effects on Chemistry, Atmospheric Environment, 115, 499-526, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.10.021.

 

Malmberg, A., A. Arellano, D. P. Edwards, N. Flyer, D. Nychka, and C. Wikle, 2008: INTERPOLATING FIELDS OF CARBON MONOXIDE DATA USING A HYBRID STATISTICAL-PHYSICAL MODEL. Annals of Applied Statistics, 2, 1231-1248.

 

Mar, K. A., Ojha, N., Pozzer, A., and Butler, T. M.,2016: Ozone air quality simulations with WRF-Chem (v3.5.1) over Europe: model evaluation and chemical mechanism comparison. Geosci. Model Dev., , 9, 3699-3728, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3699-2016

 

Matsui, H., M. Koike, N. Takegawa, A. Wiedensohler, J.D. Fast, and R.A. Zaveri, 2011: Impact of new particle formation on the concentration of aerosol number and cloud condensation nuclei around Beijing. In Press, J. Geophys. Res.

 

Matsui, H., M. Koike, Y. Kondo, N. Takegawa, K. Kita, J.D. Fast, R. Zaveri, L. Peng, Y. Wang, G. Song, D. R. Blake, D. G. Streets, and T. Zhu, 2009: Spatial and temporal variations of aerosols around Beijing in the summer 2006: Model Evaluation and Source Apportionment. J. Geophys. Res. 114, doi:10.1029/2008JD010906.

 

McFiggans, G., S. R. Utembe, D. Lowe, S. A. Nicholls, D. O. Topping, and Anonymous, 2011: Simulations of multicomponent aerosol processes on the regional scale. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 1439-1439.

 

McKeen, S., J. Wilczak, G.  Grell, I, Djalalova, S. Peckham, E.-Y. Hsie, W. Gong, V. Bouchet, S. Menard, R. Moffet, J. McHenry, J. McQueen, Y. Tang, G. R. Carmichael, M, Pagowski, A. Chan, T. Dye, G. Frost, P. Lee, R. Mathur, 2005: Assessment of an ensemble of seven real-time ozone forecasts over Eastern North America during the summer of 2004. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 110, D21307, doi:10.1029/2004JD005858, 2005.

 

McKeen, S., and Coauthors, 2007: Evaluation of several PM(2.5) forecast models using data collected during the ICARTT/NEAQS 2004 field study. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112.

 

——, 2009: An evaluation of real-time air quality forecasts and their urban emissions over eastern Texas during the summer of 2006 Second Texas Air Quality Study field study. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114.

 

Mena-Carrasco, M., and Coauthors, 2009: Assessing the regional impacts of Mexico City emissions on air quality and chemistry. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 3731-3743.

 

Middlebrook, A. R.,  Ahmadov, E.L. Atlas, R. Bahreini, D.R. Blake, J. Brioude, C.A. Brock, J.A. de Gouw, D.W. Fahey, F.C. Fehsenfeld, G.J. Frost, R.-S. Gao, J.S. Holloway, D.A. Lack, J. Langridge, R.A. Lueb, S.A. McKeen, J.F. Meagher, S. Meinardi, D.M. Murphy, D.D. Parrish, J.W. Peischl, A.E. Perring, I.B. Pollack, A.R. Ravishankara, J.R. Roberts, T.B. Ryerson, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, C. Warneke, and L.A. Watts, Air Quality Impact of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, 2011:  Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences, provisionally accepted.

 

Misenis, C., and Y. Zhang, 2010: An examination of sensitivity of WRF-Chem predictions to physical parameterizations, horizontal grid spacing, and nesting options. Atmospheric Research, 97, 315-334.

 

Moffet, R. C., B. de Foy, L. T. Molina, M. J. Molina, and K. A. Prather, 2008: Measurement of ambient aerosols in northern Mexico City by single particle mass spectrometry. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 4499-4516.

 

Molders, N., 2008: Suitability of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model to Predict the June 2005 Fire Weather for Interior Alaska. Weather and Forecasting, 23, 953-973.

 

——, 2010: Comparison of Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System and National Fire Danger Rating System fire indices derived from Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model data for the June 2005 Interior Alaska wildfires. Atmospheric Research, 95, 290-306.

 

Molders, N., H. N.Q. Tran, P. Quinn, K. Sassen, G. E. Shaw and G. Kramm, 2011: Assessment of WRF-Chem to simulate sub-Arctic boundary layer characteristics during low solar irradiation using radiosonde SODAR and surface data. Atmospheric Pollution Research, 283-299, doi: 10.5094/APR.2011.035.

 

Molders, N., S. Porter, C. Cahill, and G. Grell, 2010: Influence of ship emissions on air quality and input of contaminants in southern Alaska National Parks and Wilderness Areas during the 2006 tourist season. Atmospheric Environment, 44, 1400-1413.

 

Molders, N., D. Morton, G. Newby, E. Stevens, and M. Stuefer, 2008: Nowcasting and forecasting Alaskan weather. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89, 515-519.

 

Mora-Ramirez, M. A., and R. M. Velasco, 2011: Reduction of CB05 mechanism according to the CSP method. Atmospheric Environment, 45, 235-243.

 

Niisoe, T., K. Harada, H. Ishikawa, and A. Koizumi, 2010: Long-Term Simulation of Human Exposure to Atmospheric Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) and Perfluorooctanoate (PFO) in the Osaka Urban Area, Japan. Environmental Science & Technology, 44, 7852-7857.

 

Niwano, M., and Coauthors, 2007: Evaluation of Vertical Ozone Profiles Simulated by WRF-Chem Using Lidar-Observed Data. Sola, 3, 133-136.

 

Ntelekos, A., J. Smith, L. Donner, J. Fast, W. Gustafson, E. Chapman, and W. Krajewski, 2009: The effects of aerosols on intense convective precipitation in the northeastern United States. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 135, 1367-1391.

 

Ochoa, C., D. Baumgardner, M. Grutter, J. Allan, J. Fast, and B. Rappenglueck, 2012: Physical and chemical properties of the regional mixed layer of Mexico's Megapolis - Part 2: Evaluation of measured and modeled trace gases and particle size distributions. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 9813-9856.

 

Oshima, N., M. Koike, Y. Zhang, and Y. Kondo, 2009a: Aging of black carbon in outflow from anthropogenic sources using a mixing state resolved model: 2. Aerosol optical properties and cloud condensation nuclei activities. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114.

 

Oshima, N., M. Koike, Y. Zhang, Y. Kondo, N. Moteki, N. Takegawa, and Y. Miyazaki, 2009b: Aging of black carbon in outflow from anthropogenic sources using a mixing state resolved model: Model development and evaluation. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114.

 

Pagowski, M., and G. A. Grell, 2006: Ensemble-based ozone forecasts: Skill and economic value. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111.

 

Pagowski, M., G. A. Grell, S. A. McKeen, S. E. Peckham, and D. Devenyi, 2010: Three-dimensional variational data assimilation of ozone and fine particulate matter observations: some results using the Weather Research and Forecasting - Chemistry model and Grid-point Statistical Interpolation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 136, 2013-2024.

 

Pagowski, M., and Coauthors, 2006: Application of dynamic linear regression to improve the skill of ensemble-based deterministic ozone forecasts. Atmospheric Environment, 40, 3240-3250.

 

Panda, J., M. Sharan, and S. G. Gopalakrishnan, 2009: Study of Regional-Scale Boundary Layer Characteristics over Northern India with a Special Reference to the Role of the Thar Desert in Regional-Scale Transport. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 48, 2377-2402.

 

Pfister, G., and Coauthors, 2011a: CO source contribution analysis for California during ARCTAS-CARB. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 7515-7532.

 

Pfister, G., and Coauthors, 2011b: Characterizing summertime chemical boundary conditions for airmasses entering the US West Coast. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1769-1790.

 

Pillai, D., C. Gerbig, J. Marshall, R. Ahmadov, R. Kretschmer, T. Koch, and U. Karstens, 2010: High resolution modeling of CO(2) over Europe: implications for representation errors of satellite retrievals. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 83-94.

 

Prabha, T., and G. Hoogenboom, 2008: Evaluation of the Weather Research and Forecasting model for two frost events. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 64, 234-247.

 

Qian, Y., W. I. Gustafson, and J. D. Fast, 2010: Quantifying the sub-grid variability of trace gases and aerosols based on WRF-Chem simulations. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 6917-6946.

 

Qian, Y., W. Gustafson, L. Leung, and S. Ghan, 2009: Effects of soot-induced snow albedo change on snowpack and hydrological cycle in western United States based on Weather Research and Forecasting chemistry and regional climate simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114, -

Qian Y., W.I. Gustafson Jr., J.D. Fast, H. Wang, R.C. Easter, and H. Morrison, 2011: Assessing regional scale predictions of aerosols, marine stratocumulus, and their interactions during VOCALS-REx using double-moment Morrison microphysics scheme. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 22663-22718.

 

Rogers, R. R., and Coauthors, 2009: NASA LaRC airborne high spectral resolution lidar aerosol measurements during MILAGRO: observations and validation. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 4811-4826.

 

Saide, P., G. Carmichael, S. Spak, L. Gallardo, A. Osses, M. Mena-Carrasco, and M. Pagowski, 2011: Forecasting urban PM10 and PM2.5 pollution episodes in very stable nocturnal conditions and complex terrain using WRF-Chem CO tracer model. Atmospheric Environment, 45, 2769-2780.

 

Saide, P., G., S.N. Spak, G.R. Carmichael, M.A. Mena-Carrasco, Q. Yang, S. Howell, D.C. Leon, J.R. Snider, A.R. Bandy. J.L. Collett, K.B. Benedict, S.P. de Szoeke, L.N. Hawkins, G. Allen, I. Crawford, J. Crosier, and S.R. Springston, 2012: Evaluating WRF-Chem aerosol indirect effects in Southeast Pacific marine stratocumulus during VOCALS-REx. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3045-3064.

 

Salzmann, M., M. Lawrence, V. Phillips, and L. Donner, 2008: Cloud system resolving model study of the roles of deep convection for photo-chemistry in the TOGA COARE/CEPEX region. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 2741-2757.

 

San José, R., Pérez, J.L., Balzarini, A., Baró, R., Curci, G., Forkel, R., Galmarini, S., Grell, G., Hirtl, M., Honzak, L., Im, U., Jiménez-Guerrero, P., Langer, M., Pirovano, G., Tuccella, P., Werhahn, J., Žabkar, R., 2015: Sensitivity of feedback effects in CBMZ/MOSAIC chemical mechanism. Atmos. Environ,115, 646-656. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.04.030

 

Schurmann, G., A. Algieri, I. Hedgecock, G. Manna, N. Pirrone, and F. Sprovieri, 2009: Modelling local and synoptic scale influences on ozone concentrations in a topographically complex region of Southern Italy. Atmospheric Environment, 43, 4424-4434.

 

Seethala, C., G. Pandithurai, J.D. Fast, S.D. Polade, M.S. Reddy, and S.E. Peckham, 2011: Evaluating WRF-Chem multi-scale model in simulating aerosol radiative properties over the tropics – A case study over India.  In Press, MAPAN J. of Metrology Soc. of India.

 

Sessions, W., H. Fuelberg, R. Kahn, and D. Winker, 2011: An investigation of methods for injecting emissions from boreal wildfires using WRF-Chem during ARCTAS. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5719-5744.

 

Shrivastava M.K., T.E. Lane, N.M. Donahue, S.N. Pandis, and A.L. Robinson. 2008. Effects of gas particle partitioning and aging of primary emissions on urban and regional organic aerosol concentrations. J. Geophys. Res., 113, doi:101029/2007JF009735.

 

Sodemann, H., and Coauthors, 2011: Episodes of cross-polar transport in the Arctic troposphere during July 2008 as seen from models, satellite, and aircraft observations. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3631-3651.

 

Souto, J. A., M. Hermida, and J. J. Casares, 2009: SAGA: a decision support system for air pollution management around a coal-fired power plant. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 38, 444-461.

 

Springmann, M., D. A. Knopf, and N. Riemer, 2009: Detailed heterogeneous chemistry in an urban plume box model: reversible co-adsorption of O(3), NO(2), and H(2)O on soot coated with benzo a pyrene. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 7461-7479.

 

Steensen, T., Stuefer, M., Webley, P.W., Grell, G., and Freitas, S., 2011. Plume Characteristics during the 2009 Mount Redoubt Eruption: A comparison between satellite data and dispersion models. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Special Issue on the 2009 Redoubt Eruption. In review

 

Stremme, W., I. Ortega, and M. Grutter, 2009: Using ground-based solar and lunar infrared spectroscopy to study the diurnal trend of carbon monoxide in the Mexico City boundary layer. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 8061-8078.

 

Takigawa, M., M. Niwano, H. Akimoto, and M. Takahashi, 2007: Development of a One-way Nested Global-regional Air Quality Forecasting Model. Sola, 3, 81-84.

 

Takigawa, M., M. Niwano, H. Akimoto, M. Takahashi, and K. Kobayashi, 2009: Projection of surface ozone over East Asia in 2020. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 65, 161-161-166.

Tao, W., and Coauthors, 2009: The Goddard multi-scale modeling system with unified physics. Annales Geophysicae, 27, 3055-3064.

 

Thormann, M., A. Szumigalski, and S. Bayley, 1999: Aboveground peat and carbon accumulation potentials along a bog-fen-marsh wetland gradient in southern boreal Alberta, Canada. Wetlands, 19, 305-317.

 

Tie, X., G. Brasseur, and Z. Ying, 2010: Impact of model resolution on chemical ozone formation in Mexico City: application of the WRF-Chem model. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 8983-8995.

 

Tie, X., G. Li, Z. Ying, A. Guenther, and S. Madronich, 2006: Biogenic emissions of isoprenoids and NO in China and comparison to anthropogenic emissions. Science of the Total Environment, 371, 238-251.

 

Tie, X., F. Geng, L. Peng, W. Gao, and C. Zhao, 2009a: Measurement and modeling of O-3 variability in Shanghai, China: Application of the WRF-Chem model. Atmospheric Environment, 43, 4289-4302.

 

Tie, X., S. Madronich, G. Li, Z. Ying, A. Weinheimer, E. Apel, and T. Campos, 2009b: Simulation of Mexico City plumes during the MIRAGE-Mex field campaign using the WRF-Chem model. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 4621-4638.

 

Tie, X., and Coauthors, 2007: Characterizations of chemical oxidants in Mexico City: A regional chemical dynamical model (WRF-Chem) study. Atmospheric Environment, 41, 1989-2008.

 

Tran, T., G. Newby, and N. Molders, 2011: Impacts of emission changes on sulfate aerosols in Alaska. Atmospheric Environment, 45, 3078-3090.

 

Tsai, I. C., J. P. Chen, P. Y. Lin, W. C. Wang, and I. S. A. Isaksen, 2010: Sulfur cycle and sulfate radiative forcing simulated from a coupled global climate-chemistry model. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 3693-3709.

 

Tuccella, P., G. Curci, G. Visconti, B. Bessagnet, L. Menut, and R. J. Park, 2012: Modeling of gas and aerosol with WRF-Chem over Europe: Evaluation and sensitivity study, iJ. Geophys. Res., 117, D03303, doi:10.1029/2011JD016302.

 

Vieno, M., and Coauthors, 2010: Modelling surface ozone during the 2003 heat-wave in the UK. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7963-7978.

 

Wang, H., W. Skamarock, and G. Feingold, 2009a: Evaluation of Scalar Advection Schemes in the Advanced Research WRF Model Using Large-Eddy Simulations of Aerosol-Cloud Interactions. Monthly Weather Review, 137, 2547-2558.

 

Wang, H. L., and G. Feingold, 2009: Modeling Mesoscale Cellular Structures and Drizzle in Marine Stratocumulus. Part I: Impact of Drizzle on the Formation and Evolution of Open Cells. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66, 3237-3256.

 

Wang, K., Y. Zhang, K. Yahya, S.-Y. Wu, and G. Grell, 2015, Implementation and Initial Application of New Chemistry-Aerosol Options in WRF-Chem for Simulating Secondary Organic Aerosols and Aerosol Indirect Effects for regional air quality, Atmospheric Environment, 115, 716-732, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.12.007.

 

Wang, K., K. Yahya, Y. Zhang, C. Hogrefe, G. Pouliot, C. Knote, A. Hodzic, R. San Jose and J. L. Perez, P. J. Guerrero, R. Baro, and P. Makar, 2014, A Multi-Model Assessment for the 2006 and 2010 Simulations under the Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative (AQMEII) Phase 2 over North America, Part 2. Evaluation of Column Variable Predictions Using Satellite Data, Atmos. Environ., in press.

 

Wang, L.T., Y. Zhang, K. Wang, B. Zheng, Q. Zhang, and W. Wei, 2016, Application of Weather Research Forecasting Model with Chemistry (WRF-Chem) over northern China: sensitivity study, comparative evaluation, and policy implications, Atmospheric Environment, 124, Part B, 337-350, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.12.052.

 

Wang, X., Z. Wu, and G. Liang, 2009b: WRF-CHEM modeling of impacts of weather conditions modified by Urban expansion on secondary organic aerosol formation over Pearl River Delta. Particuology, 7, 384-391.

 

Wang, X., F. Chen, Z. Wu, M. Zhang, M. Tewari, A. Guenther, and C. Wiedinmyer, 2009c: Impacts of Weather Conditions Modified by Urban Expansion on Surface Ozone: Comparison between the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta Regions. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 26, 962-972.

 

Wang, X., and Coauthors, 2010: WRF-Chem simulation of East Asian air quality: Sensitivity to temporal and vertical emissions distributions. Atmospheric Environment, 44, 660-669.

 

Ward, D., and W. Cotton, 2011: A Method for Forecasting Cloud Condensation Nuclei Using Predictions of Aerosol Physical and Chemical Properties from WRF-Chem. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 1601-1615.

 

Warneke, C., and Coauthors, 2007: Determination of urban volatile organic compound emission ratios and comparison with an emissions database. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112, -.

 

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Webley, P. W., Steensen, T., Stuefer, M., Grell, G. A., Freitas, S. R., and M. Pavolonis, 2012: Analyzing the Eyjafjallajškull 2010 eruption using satellite remote sensing, lidar and WRF-CHEM dispersion and tracking model. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres,, DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016817.

 

Wilczak, J., and Coauthors, 2009: Analysis of regional meteorology and surface ozone during the TexAQS II field program and an evaluation of the NMM-CMAQ and WRF-Chem air quality models. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114, -.

 

Wu, J., and Coauthors, 2011a: The effects of a solar eclipse on photo-oxidants in different areas of China. Atmo. Chem. Phys., 11, 8075-8085.

 

Wu, L., H. Su, J. H. Jiang, 2011: Regional simulations of deep convection and biomass burning over South America: 2. Biomass burning aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation J. Geophys. Res., 116, D17, D17209, doi: 10.1029/2011JD016106.

 

Wu, Z., and Coauthors, 2011b: Evaluating the calculated dry deposition velocities of reactive nitrogen oxides and ozone from two community models over a temperate deciduous forest. Atmospheric Environment, 45, 2663-2674.

 

Wyant M., R. Wood, C.S. Bretherton, C.R. Mechoso, J. Bacmeister, M.A. Balmaseda, B. Barrett, F. Codron, P Earnshaw, J.D. Fast, A. Hall, C. Hanney, J. Kaiser, H. Kitagawa, S.A. Klein, M. Kohler, J. Manganello, H.-L. Pan, S. Wang, and Y. Wang. 2009. The PreVOCA experiment: Modeling the lower troposphere in the southeast Pacific. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4757-4774.

 

Yahya, K., K. Wang, P. Campbell, T. Glotfelty, J. He, and Y. Zhang, 2016, Decadal Evaluation of Regional Climate, Air Quality, and Their Interactions using WRF-Chem version 3.6.1, Geoscientific Model Development , 9, 671-695, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-671-2016.

 

Yahya, K., K., J. He, and Y. Zhang, 2015, Multiyear Applications of WRF-Chem over Continental U.S.: Model Evaluation, Variation Trend, and Impacts of Boundary Conditions, Journal of Geophysical Research , 120, 12748-12777, 10.1002/2015JD023819.

 

Yahya, K., K. Wang, Y. Zhang, and T. E. Kleindienst, 2015, Application of WRF-Chem over North America under the AQMEII Phase 2-Part 2: Evaluation of 2010 Simulation and Responses of Air Quality and Meteorology-Chemistry Interactions to Changes in Emissions and Meteorology from 2006 to 2010, Geoscientific Model Development , 8, 2095-2117, 2015, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-2095-2015.

 

Yahya, K., K. Wang, M. Gudoshava, T. Glotfelty, and Y. Zhang, 2014, Application of WRF-Chem over North America under the AQMEII Phase 2. Part I. Comprehensive Evaluation of 2006 Simulation, Atmospheric Environment, Atmos. Environ., in press.

 

Yahya, K., Y. Zhang, and J. M. Vukovich, 2014, Real-Time Air Quality Forecasting over the Southeastern United States using WRF-Chem-MADRID: Multiple-Year Assessment and Sensitivity Studies, Atmos. Environ., 92, 318-338.

 

Yang, Q., W.I. Gustafson Jr., J.D. Fast, H. Wang, R.C. Easter, H. Morrison, Y.-N. Lee, E.G. Chapman, S.N. Spak, and M.A. Mena-Carrasco, 2011: Assessing regional scale predictions of aerosols, marine stratocumulus, and their interactions during VOCALS-REx using WRF-Chem. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 11951-11975.

 

Yang, Q., W.I. Gustafson Jr., J.D. Fast, H. Wang, R.C. Easter, M.Wang, S.J. Ghan, L.K. Berg, L.R. Leung, and H. Morrison, 2012: Impact of natural and anthropogenic aerosols on marine stratocumulus and precipitation in the Southeast Pacific: A regional modelling study using WRF-Chem. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 14622-14667.

 

Yegorova, E. A.; Allen, D. J.; Loughner, C. P.; Pickering, K. E.; Dickerson, R. R. , 2009: Characterization of an eastern U.S. severe air pollution episode using WRF-Chem. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D17,D17306 doi: 10.1029/2010JD015054.

 

Yerramilli, A., and Coauthors, 2011: Air Quality Modeling for the Urban Jackson, Mississippi Region Using a High Resolution WRF-Chem Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 8, 2470-2490.

 

Ying, Z., X. Tie, and G. Li, 2009: Sensitivity of ozone concentrations to diurnal variations of surface emissions in Mexico City: A WRF-Chem modeling study. Atmospheric Environment, 43, 851-859.

 

 

Zabkar, R., J. Rakovec, and D. Koracin, 2011: The roles of regional accumulation and advection of ozone during high ozone episodes in Slovenia: A WRF-Chem modelling study. Atmospheric Environment, 45, 1192-1202.

 

Žabkar, R., Honzak, L., Skok, G., Forkel, R., Rakovec, J., Ceglar, A., Žagar, N., 2015: Evaluation of the high resolution WRF-Chem (v3.4.1) air quality forecast and its comparison with statistical ozone predictions. Geosci. Model Dev.,, 9, 2119-2137, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-2119-2015

 

Zahardis, J., B. W. LaFranchi, and G. A. Petrucci, 2006: The heterogeneous reaction of particle-phase methyl esters and ozone elucidated by photoelectron resonance capture ionization: Direct products of ozonolysis and secondary reactions leading to the formation of ketones. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 253, 38-47.

 

Zanis, P., and Coauthors, 2007: Effects on surface atmospheric photo-oxidants over Greece during the total solar eclipse event of 29 March 2006. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 6061-6073.

 

Zaveri R.A., R.C. Easter, J.D. Fast, and L.K. Peters. 2008. Model for simulating aerosol interactions and chemistry. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D13204, doi:10.1029/2007JD008792. 


 

Zhang, Q., and Coauthors, 2006: Characterizations of aerosols over the Beijing region: A case study of aircraft measurements. Atmospheric Environment, 40, 4513-4527.

 

Zhang, Y., C.-P. Hong, K. Yahya, Q. Li, Q. Zhang, and K.-B. He, 2016, Multi-Year Application and Evaluation of WRF-Chem-MADRID for Real-Time Air Quality Forecasting over Southeastern United States, Atmos. Environ., 138, 162-182 doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.05.006.

 

Zhang, Y., S. Zhu, Gantt, B., and J. He, 2016, Sensitivity of Simulated Chemical Concentrations and Aerosol-Meteorology Interactions to Aerosol Treatments in WRF-Chem, Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JD024882.

 

Zhang, Y., X. Zhang, L.-T. Wang, Q. Zhang, F.-K. Duan, and K.-B. He, 2016, Application of WRF-Chem over East Asia: Part I. Model Evaluation and Intercomparison with MM5/CMAQ, Atmospheric Environment, 124, Part B, 285-300, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.07.022.

 

Zhang, Y., X. Zhang, K. Wang, Q. Zhang, F.-K. Duan, and K.-B. He, 2016, Application of WRF-Chem over East Asia: Part II. Model Improvement and Sensitivity Simulations, Atmospheric Environment, 124, Part B, 301-320, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.07.023.

 

Zhang, Y., Y. Chen, J. Fan, and L.R. Leung, 2015, Application of an Online-Coupled Regional Climate Model, WRF-CAM5, over East Asia for Examination of Ice Nucleation Schemes: Part II. Sensitivity to Ice Nucleation Parameterizations and Dust Emissions, Climate, 3(3), 753-774; doi:10.3390/cli3030753.

 

Zhang, Y., X. Zhang, K. Wang, J. He, L. R. Leung, J.-W. Fan, and A. Nenes, 2015, Incorporating An Advanced Aerosol Activation Parameterization into WRF-CAM5: Model Evaluation and Parameterization Intercomparison, Journal of Geophysical Research, 120(14), DOI: 10.1002/2014JD023051.

 

Zhang, Y., J. Hemperly, N. Meskhidze, and William C. Skamarock, 2012, The Global Weather Research and Forecasting (GWRF) Model: Model Evaluation, Sensitivity Study, and Future Year Simulation, Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 2(3), 231-253, doi: 10.4236/acs.2012.23024.

 

Zhang, Y., Y.-C. Chen, G. Sarwar, and K. Schere, 2012, Impact of Gas-Phase Mechanisms on WRF-Chem Predictions: Mechanism Implementation and Comparative Evaluation, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D01301, doi: 10.1029/2011JD015775.

 

Zhang, Y., Y. Pan., K. Wang, J. D., Fast, and G. A. Grell, 2010, WRF-Chem-MADRID: Incorporation of an Aerosol Module into WRF-Chem and Its Initial Application to the TexAQS2000 Episode, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, D18202, doi:10.1029/2009JD013443.

 

Zhang, Y., K. Sartelet, S.-Y. Wu, and C. Seigneur, 2013, Application of WRF-Chem-MADRID and WRF/Polyphemus in Europe, Part I: Model Description and Evaluation of Meteorological Predictions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 6807-6843, doi:10.5194/acp-13-6807-2013.

 

Zhang, Y., K. Sartelet, S. Zhu, W. Wang, S.-Y. Wu, X. Zhang, K. Wang, P. Tran, and C. Seigneur, 2013, Application of WRF-Chem-MADRID and WRF-Polyphemus in Europe, Part II: Evaluation of Chemical Concentrations, Sensitivity Simulations, and Aerosol- Meteorology Interactions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 6845-6875, doi:10.5194/acp-13-6845-2013.

 

Zhang, Y., P. Karamchandani, T. Glotfelty, D. G. Streets, G. Grell, A. Nenes, F.-Q. Yu, and R. Bennartz, 2012, Development and Initial Application of the Global-Through-Urban Weather Research and Forecasting Model with Chemistry (GU-WRF-Chem), J. Geophys. Res., 117, D20206, doi:10.1029/2012JD017966.

 

Zhang, Y., and M. Dubey, 2009a: Comparisons of WRF-Chem simulated O-3 concentrations in Mexico City with ground-based RAMA measurements during the MILAGRO period. Atmospheric Environment, 43, 4622-4631.

 

Zhang, Y., X. Wen, and C. Jang, 2010a: Simulating chemistry-aerosol-cloud-radiation-climate feedbacks over the continental US using the online-coupled Weather Research Forecasting Model with chemistry (WRF-Chem). Atmospheric Environment, 44, 3568-3582.

 

Zhang, Y., S. Olsen, and M. Dubey, 2010b: WRF-Chem simulated springtime impact of rising Asian emissions on air quality over the US. Atmospheric Environment, 44, 2799-2812.

 

Zhang, Y., M. Dubey, S. Olsen, J. Zheng, and R. Zhang, 2009a: Comparisons of WRF-Chem simulations in Mexico City with ground-based RAMA measurements during the 2006-MILAGRO. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 3777-3798.

 

Zhang, Y., Y. Pan, X. Wen, Y. Chen, P. Karamchandani, D. Streets, and Q. Zhang, 2009d: Global-through-urban WRF-Chem: A unified model for modeling aerosol-climate interactions. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 73, A1513-A1513.

 

Zhang, Y. X., and M. K. Dubey, 2009b: Comparisons of WRF-Chem simulated O(3) concentrations in Mexico City with ground-based RAMA measurements during the MILAGRO period. Atmospheric Environment, 43, 4622-4631.

 

Zhang, Y. X., and M. K. Dubey, 2009b: Comparisons of WRF-Chem simulated O(3) concentrations in Mexico City with ground-based RAMA measurements during the MILAGRO period. Atmospheric Environment, 43, 4622-4631.

 

Zhao, C., Y. Wang, Y. Choi, and T. Zeng, 2009: Summertime impact of convective transport and lightning NOx production over North America: modeling dependence on meteorological simulations. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 4315-4327.

 

Zhao, Z., M. S. Pritchard, and L. M. Russell, 2012: Effects on precipitation, clouds, and temperature from long-range transport of idealized aerosol plumes in WRF-Chem simulations, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D05206, doi:10.1029/2011JD016744.

 

Zheng, J., and Coauthors, 2008: Measurements of HNO(3) and N(2)O(5) using ion drift-chemical ionization mass spectrometry during the MILAGRO/MCMA-2006 campaign. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 6823-6838.

 

Zheng, J. Y., W. W. Che, X. M. Wang, P. Louie, and L. J. Zhong, 2009: Road-Network-Based Spatial Allocation of On-Road Mobile Source Emissions in the Pearl River Delta Region, China, and Comparisons with Population-Based Approach. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 59, 1405-1416.

 

Zhuang, B., F. Jiang, T. Wang, S. Li, and B. Zhu, 2011: Investigation on the direct radiative effect of fossil fuel black-carbon aerosol over China. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 104, 301-312.

 

Zinin, D. P., G. M. Teptin, and O. G. Khutorova, 2008: Application of the WRF-CHEM mesoscale model to investigation of vertical and horizontal structures of low atmosphere in Tatarstan. Optika Atmosfery i Okeana, 21, 59-59-63.

 

 


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